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The Historical Calendar of Jesus


March 26, 457 BC

(1 Nisan 3304)

Ezra left Babylon with Artaxerxes' decree to restore levitical rule and the people to Jerusalem

(Ezra 4:12; 7:6-9, Dan 9:24-27)

September 21, 457 BC

(1 Tishri 3305)

Ezra observed his first Rosh Hashanah (1 Tishri, Day of Trumpets, "New Year's Day") in Jerusalem.

June 2, 4 BC

(7 Sivan 3757)

Archangel Gabriel appeared to Zechariah

(Luke 1:5-25)

March 17, 3 BC

(1 Nisan 3758)

John the Baptist born

~4am JST, Monday
August 12, 3 BC

(1 Elul 3758)

Jesus born

Tuesday evening
June 17, 2 BC

(16 Tammuz 3759)

Jesus visited by wise men (Magi)

(Mat 2:1-12)

March 27, 27 AD

(1 Nisan 3787)

John the Baptistís 30th birthday

(Luke 3:1-23)

August 22, 27 AD

(1 Elul 3787)

Jesus 30th birthday

September 20, 27 AD

(1 Tishri 3788)

Jesus baptised and commenced ministry

483 ("unto the anointed one, the prince, shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks") Hebrew calendar weeks-of-years

(Dan 9:24-27)

April 21, 31 AD

(10 Nisan 3791)

Jesus rode into Jerusalem

April 25, 31 AD

(14 Nisan 3791)


Jesus crucified

(Mark 15:25, Dan 9:1,24-27)


Jesus died

(Mat 27:45-50; Mark 15:33-37; Luke 23:44-46)

Saturday Evening (counted as Sunday)
April 28, 31 AD

Jesus resurrected

(Mat 28:1; Mark 16:2,9; Luke 24:1; John 20:1,19)

August 10, 70 AD

(15 Av 3830)

Destruction of temple

(Dan 9:27)

Jesus the Nazarene was 11,944 days of age at His crucifixion. He'd lived 32 years, 36 weeks, 4 days.

The time of our Lord's Birth, Ministry, Crucifixion and Resurrection is hereby historically identified. These calendar dates are established by *every* scriptural- historical and scientific evidence examined! There is NO other compendium in the world which has successfully dated ALL of these events correctly! Be sure to read accompanying literature (which will be posted en masse to the Usenet over the next several months) for a detailed analysis of each item listed, with literally 100s of historical citations, descriptions and concise commentary which altogether prove these ancient calendar dates are accurate and historical, thereby proving ALL detractors merely a laughingstock!

Ezra left Babylon bound for Jerusalem with Artaxerxes' decree [Ezra 7:6-9] on the Hebrew calendar date of 1 Nisan 3304, which was Tuesday, March 26, 457 BC. This "going forth" of the decree started the prophetic clock ticking down Daniel's 7 plus 62 weeks-of-years [49 + 434 years] to Messiah the Prince, Jesus the Nazarene [Dan 9:24-27]. (NOTE: the seventh year of the achaemenid Persian king Artaxerxes was counted beginning 1 Nisanu through 29 Addaru on the Chaldean-Babylonian calendar, which was April 8, 458 BC through March 26, 457 BC by the old civil (proleptic Julian) calendar. But this gentile king's seventh year was counted from 1 Tishri 3304 through 29 Elul 3304 on the ancient Hebrew civil calendar recognized by the Hebrews, placing Ezra's 7th year for Artaxerxes precisely from October 2, 458 BC through September 20, 457 BC )

John the Baptist was born on 1 Nisan 3758, which was Sunday, March 17, 3 BC (NOTE: John's father, the priest Zechariah, served in the eighth [8-day] course of Abijah, which started on the weekly sabbath of 7 Sivan 3757, which was June 2, 4 BC; the archangel Gabriel appeared to Zechariah after 9 AM that same morning [Luke 1:5-25]; Pentecost was "fully come" 9 Sivan [Acts 2:1], but various sects of the priesthood observed this earlier. Jesus was conceived on the first day of the sixth month of Elisabeth's pregnancy with John [Luke 1:36]. Normal gestation to full term is 266 to 270 days, so if Jesus and John were both carried an average term of 267 days, then John was conceived on 28 Sivan 3757, which was Saturday, June 23, 4 BC, placing Jesus' conception in Mary by the Holy Spirit exactly five Hebrew calendar months plus one day [148 days] later, on 28 Cheshvan 3758, which was Sunday, November 18, 4 BC. Note that procreation was permitted on the weekly Sabbath [Gen 1:27-28] )

Jesus was born before sunrise 1 Elul 3758, which was Monday, August 12, 3 BC. (NOTE: this Jupiter-Venus conjunction in Leo was 4 2 arcminutes in separation. The wise men [Magi] saw Jesus' star at its rising in the east, thus their own witness to this conjunction near the "king star" Regulus was judicially construed as our Messiah's true date and approximate time of birth, 4 AM JST )

Jesus was visited by the Magi on the eve of 16 Tammuz 3759 [Mat 2:1-12], which was Tuesday evening, June 17, 2 BC; Jesus was ten and a half months old at the time. (NOTE: this near-perfect Jupiter-Venus conjunction in Leo was six arcseconds from concentricity. When Venus is sufficiently elongated from the Sun, and the sky is crystal-clear, Venus can barely be seen with the naked eye in broad daylight. This dazzling conjunction was significantly brighter than Venus alone, thus was certainly visible in broad daylight in a clear sky--and we know that the sky was clear by the Magi's own testimony! Extant historical and astronomical evidences have further proven incontrovertibly that Herod "the Great" died within 3 weeks after the "blood red" total lunar eclipse of Saturday, January 10, 1 BC )

John the Baptist's 30th birthday was 1 Nisan 3787, which was Thursday, March 27, 27 AD, when "the word of God came unto John [the Baptist]" [ref. Luke 3:1-23]. (NOTE: this date was exactly four hundred eighty-three[483] true Hebrew calendar years after the date that Ezra left Babylon with Artaxerxes' decree to restore levitical rule and the people to Jerusalem; this included the restoration of government and taxation, and also "set up the walls thereof, and joined the foundations" [Ezra 4:12]. No other kingly decree satisfies this literal, true Hebrew calendric chronology; John's preaching is told by all four gospels; John the Baptist is rightly known as the Elijah of prophecy )

Jesus' 30th birthday was 1 Elul 3787, which was Friday, August 22, 27 AD. (NOTE: at age 30, Jesus eligible for priesthood and temple service. This is why John the Baptist asked of Jesus: " I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me?" [Mat 3:14]. One lunation later, i e. one calendar month later 1 Tishri 3788, was exactly four hundred eighty-three [483] true Hebrew calendar years after the date that Ezra observed his first Rosh Hashanah (1 Tishri, Day of Trumpets, "New Year's Day") in Jerusalem, but more importantly, that prior year of 3304 [458-457 BC], was a Jubilee Year [Lev 25:9-17ff], so the new year of 1 Tishri 3305 [Sept 21, 457 BC] started Daniel's 49-year countdown to the next Jubilee, which was 3354, clearly emphasizing the Atonement in Christ crucified and Life Everlasting in Christ Jesus)

Jesus was baptised by his cousin John at the river Jordan on 1 Tishri 3788, which was Saturday, September 20, 27 AD. At One with God [John 10:30], Jesus commenced His Divine Ministry "confirming the covenant with many" [Dan 9:27]. (NOTE: the 70th and final week of Daniel's prophecy commenced with the preaching of John the Baptist and with the Ministry of Jesus. Just as the Hebrew day is counted by "evening and morning," divided by the Earth's rotation with respect to the Sun, the Hebrew year is similarly divided by the spring and fall equinoxes, with a "1:1" correspondence of Holy Days: 1 Nisan  [New Moon]/1 Tishri [Rosh Hashanah], 10 Nisan [lamb selected]/10 Tishri [Atonement], Feast of Unleavened Bread [15- 21 Nisan]/Tabernacles [1-21 Tishri], and so on. Gabriel's conspicuous "dual emphasis" on John and Jesus was best answered by John himself, at the moment Jesus was baptised: "this is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me. And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water" [John 1:30-31]. And Jesus' own words: "before Abraham was, I AM" [John 8:58], and His [own] Angel " I AM the root and the offspring of David the bright and morning star" [Rev 22:16]. The prophesied Messiah of the Old Covenant Scriptures [TaNaKh] was made flesh in Jesus)

Jesus rode into Jerusalem 10 Nisan 3791, which was Saturday, April 21, 31 AD. (NOTE: this "Palm Sunday" [ref. Zec 9:9] was 187 calendar weeks[3 1/2 calendar years] after His baptism )

Jesus was crucified at 9 AM on the Passover, 14 Nisan 3791 [Mark 15:25], which was Wednesday, April 25, 31 AD; suffering pain-unimaginable, Jesus died shortly after 3 PM that dark afternoon [ref. Mat 27:45-50; Mark 15:33-37; Luke 23:44-46]. (NOTE: "Messiah the Prince" had been "cut off" literally in the "midst of the week" [Wednesday], in the midst of the seventieth sabbatic year [ref. Dan 9:24-27], just as the prophecy had foretold 568 years before in ancient Babylon [Dan 9:1ff]. Jesus' body was taken down from the cross near sunset and was entombed after sunset the eve of the High Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread [Mat 27:57; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:42]. The paschal lamb, the one "without blemish, a male of the first year" was selected 10 Nisan [Exo 12]. This was the Passover meal [pesah proper] Jesus shared with His disciples the eve of His crucifixion. The second pascha, the afternoon [hagigah] sacrifice was starting at the time Jesus died, from 3 to 5 that afternoon. Jesus was God's Lamb for both Passover offerings, and His sacrifice left all others of none effect: Jesus had literally become the Passover, the chosen Lamb of God[John 1:29,36]. The destruction of the temple on 15 Av 3830, which was August 10, 70 AD--not the faulty "9 Av" of Talmudic tradition--fulfilled "he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease "[Dan 9:27]; this divine cause was Jesus' crucifixion nearly 40 years prior to that date )

Jesus was resurrected three days and three nights [Mat 12:40] after His body was entombed, which was Saturday evening, April 28, 31 AD, counted as Sunday, the FIRST DAY of the Hebrew calendar week [Mat 28:1; Mark 16:2,9; Luke 24:1; John 20:1,19]; His resurrection was discovered at sunrise[5 AM], early Sunday morning. (NOTE: Covered by a swath cloth ['Sudarium of Oviedo'], then wrapped in linen ['Shroud of Turin'], His body was sealed in a nearby, newly-hewn stone sepulchre of the disciple Joseph of Arimathaea [Mat 27:57-60]. Joseph, Nicodemus, Mary Magdalene and Mary mother of Joses prepared and wrapped Jesus' body, arranging flowers and preparing spices according to the ancient custom as time permitted. These flower arrangements --clearly evident in the Turin shroud--were not at first completed that fearful evening of 15 Nisan, but were completed on Friday following the High Sabbath, with the final spices and ointments to be applied early Sunday morning, but of course, that final preparation was not to be: JESUS WAS RISEN!)

Jesus the Nazarene was 11,944 days of age at His crucifixion. He'd lived 32 years, 36 weeks, 4 days. Now He reigns forever: HE IS King of kings and Lord of lords!


Written and published by:

Ma'aminei YHSH ha-Notsri

Copyleft 1999, no rights reserved

(presented free to the public domain)